Points Based System (PBS), was brought in for UK immigration and visa applications. The system was to give more certainty in whether you meet the requirements to obtain a UK Visa. The PBS gives you a clearer indication of whether you are eligible to work or study in the UK under the points based system.
The PBS has been in place for and are needed for the following visa applications:
- Tier 1 (High Skilled/Value migrants);
- Tier 2 (Skilled workers);
- Tier 3 (Temporary Unskilled Work) – Never Implemented and now Closed Completely;
- Tier 4 (Students);
- Tier 5 (Youth Mobility and Temporary Workers).
If you are applying under Tier 2 or Tier 5 you must have a Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS). If you are applying under Tier 4 you must have a Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS). If you do not have either a certificate of sponsorship or a confirmation of acceptance for studies you may not have enough points to pass PBS.
Exceptions: if you are a national of a country from within the European Economic Area (EEA) you do not need to apply to work in the UK.
The PBS is a system of regulating immigration to the UK from outside the European Economic Area (EEA). The scheme was phased in between 2008 and 2010. As well, PBS replaced all the previous work permits and entry schemes. The system is administered by UK Visas & Immigration (UKVI).
It has not fully replaced all routes of entry into the UK and if you may be better suited to a different category.